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Welcome - We're glad you fluttered in!

Imagine your grandchildren growing up having never seen a live monarch butterfly.

This is a real possibility, because the monarch population has been reduced by 90% over the past 20 years. Scientists predict that the Eastern monarch will become quasi-extinct in the next 20 years, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is considering placing the monarch butterfly under endangered species protection, which it will decide by June 30, 2019. 

DID YOU KNOW? The monarch butterfly exhibits the most highly evolved migration pattern of any known species of butterfly or moth and perhaps any known insect. The monarch butterfly, which weighs less than a penny, can fly up to a mile high and cover 80 miles in a day. By the end of its journey to Mexico, the monarch has travelled up to 3,000 miles. On the way, the monarch butterfly pollinates flowers that it visits in its quest for energy-giving nectar.

What are the Causes of Monarch Population Decline?

  • North American grasslands (where milkweed grows) are disappearing due to farming and urban sprawl.

  • Herbicide use on genetically modified corn and soybean crops is eradicating much of the milkweed in North America – particularly in the Midwest, where most monarchs are born.

  • Climate change threatens to disrupt the monarch’s annual migration pattern and overwintering locations.

  • ​Agriculture, logging, tourism, and weather fluctuations are threatening the monarch’s overwintering habitat in Mexico.

  • ​Pesticide use in farmlands and backyards is killing monarch caterpillars and adults.

  • A shortage of late-blooming flowers is weakening southbound monarchs before they reach their overwintering grounds in Mexico. 

How can People Help Monarch Butterflies?

  1. Grow milkweed. Its the only food source for monarch butterfly larvae and it provides nectar for adults.

  2. Grow late-blooming native flowers to supply monarchs with nectar during their southward migration.

  3. Maintain a "friendly" garden to insure a healthy habitat for all living things. 

Spring begins on Tuesday, March 20, 2018. If you are planting milkweed seeds outdoors, sow unstratified seeds NOW for spring germination!

Join us on Saturday, April 21, 2018 at Steele Indian School Park for EARTH DAY PHOENIX!

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